**Index to the proceedings of the Precise Time And Time Interval (PTTI) systems and applications (formerly applications and planning) meeting**

TIME SCALE ALGORITHMS AND CLOCK MODELING

The entry for each paper is preceded by a hyphenated numerical code indicating its subject, Proceedings volume number, and page number therein, i.e, 02-06-017 represents subject category "2", Proceedings volume number "6" and page number "17". The following index covers the PTTI Proceedings from the 2nd (1970) through the 41st (2009).

02-06-017 | Review of Time Scales; B. Guinot |

02-07-121 | Clock Time Errors and Time Prediction (abstract); D. W. Allan |

02-09-427 | Steering of a Time Scale; M. Granveaud and J. Azoubib |

02-11-185 | Evolution of the International Atomic Time TAI Computation; M. Granveaud |

02-13-451 | Long Term Frequency Stability Analysis of the GPS Navstar 6 Cesium Clock; T. B. McCaskill, S. Stebbins, C. Carson, and J. Buisson |

02-14-281 | The Fundamental Structure Function of Oscillator Noise Models; C. A. Greenhall |

02-14-295 | Stochastic Models for Atomic Clocks; J. A. Barnes, R. H. Jones, P. Y. Tryon, and D. W. Allan |

02-15-029 | Recent Improvements in the Atomic Time Scales of the National Bureau of Standards; D. W. Allan, D. J. Glaze, J. E. Gray, R. H. Jones, J. Levine, and S. R. Stein |

02-15-087 | First Results of GPS Time Transfer to Australia; J. M. Luck, J. R. Woodger, J. E. Wells, P. N. Churchill, and P. A. Clements |

02-15-249 | The Steering of GPS Time; H. F. Fliegel |

02-15-459 | Clock Characterization Tutorial; D. W. Allan |

02-15-477 | Methods for Optimal Recursive Estimation of Non-stationary Time Series, Applications to Atomic Time and Frequency Metrology; Z. Y. Weng, J. Rutman, and J. Uebersfeld |

02-15-503 | Applied Kalman Filtering: An Overview; R. G. Brown |

02-15-519 | Kalman Filtering with a Two-State Clock Model; F. B. Varnum |

02-15-531 | Kalman Filter Estimates of the Navstar Satellite Clock Parameters; P. S. Jorgensen |

02-15-551 | The Measurement of Linear Frequency Drift in Oscillators; J. A. Barnes |

02-16-261 | Kalman Filter Modeling; R. G. Brown |

02-16-273 | Relationship between Allan Variances and Kalman Filter Parameters; A. J. Van Dierendonck and R. G. Brown |

02-17-045 | Characterization, Optimum Estimation, and Time Prediction of Precision Clocks; D. W. Allan |

02-18-089 | A Review of the Frequency and Timing Activities at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory; L. Maleki and P. F. Kuhnle |

02-18-099 | BIH Report; B. Guinot |

02-18-113 | National Physics Laboratory, U.K. Time and Frequency Report, 1986; P. B. Coates, J. E. Gibbs, D. J. E. Knight, D. S. Sutcliffe, and B. R. Swabey |

02-18-131 | Time Keeping and Time and Frequency Dissemination at the Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale (IEN); F. Cordara and V. Pettiti |

02-18-155 | Activities on Time and Frequency at Shanghai Observatory; Z. Zaocheng, Z. Qixiang, H. Jinlin, and K. Wunwei |

02-18-237 | GPS Time Steering; W. J. Klepczynski, H. F. Fliegel, and D. W. Allan |

02-18-421 | Assessing the Validity of Suboptimal 2-State Clock Models; I. S. Ahn and R. G. Brown |

02-19-013 | Comparison of Time Scales Generated with the NBS Ensembling Algorithm; F. B. Varnum, D. R. Brown, D. W. Allan, and T. K. Peppler |

02-19-175 | The Effects of Ambient Conditions on Cesium Clock Rates; L. A. Breakiron |

02-19-195 | Analysis of the Seasonal Effects on a Cesium Clock to Improve the Long-Term Stability of a Time Scale; E. Bava, F. Cordara, V. Pettiti, and P. Tavella |

02-19-203 | Large Sample Simulation of Flicker Noise; J. A. Barnes and C. A. Greenhall corrections and addenda |

02-19-219 | Likelihood and Least-Squares Approaches to the M-Cornered Hat; C. A. Greenhall |

02-19-227 | Variances Based on Data with Dead Time between the Measurements; J. A. Barnes and D. W. Allan |

02-19-311 | Application of Kalman Filters and ARIMA Models to Digital Frequency and Phase Lock Loops; J. A. Barnes and S. R. Stein |

02-19-325 | Performance of Atomic Clocks Flown on the Space Shuttle Experiment NAVEX; J. Hammesfahr, H. Nau, and S. Starker |

02-19-375 | A Study in Long-Term Stability of Atomic Clocks; D. W. Allan (see Errata Volume) |

02-20-087 | Orbit Period Frequency Variations in the GPS Satellite Clocks; E. R. Swift and B. R. Hermann |

02-20-205 | An Adaptive Algorithm to Evaluate Clock Performance in Real Time; J. A. Barnes |

02-20-221 | The Effects of Data Processing and Environmental Conditions on the Accuracy of the USNO Time Scale; L. A. Breakiron (see errata in 23-302) |

02-20-237 | Report From Turin, the Third International Atomic Time Scale Algorithm Symposium; D. Allan |

02-21-077 | GPS-UTC Time Synchronization; C. H. McKenzie, W. A. Feess, A. L. Satin, R. H. Lucas, and H. Holz |

02-21-161 | Steady State Oscillator Analysis in the Immittance Domain; B. Parzen |

02-21-269 | Report on the Timescale Algorithm Test Bed at USNO; S. R. Stein, A. Gifford, and L. A. Breakiron |

02-21-343 | A New Time Scale Algorithm: AT1 Plus Frequency Covariance; M. Weiss and T. Weissert |

02-21-519 | An Unbiased Weighting Method for Data in GPS Common-View; Z. Qixiang, J. Shuguang, and F. Neng |

02-22-087 | Current GPS/GLONASS Time References and UTC; P. Daly |

02-22-097 | USSR National Time Unit Keeping Over Long Interval Using an Ensemble of H-masers; N. B. Koshelyaevsky and S. B. Pushkin |

02-22-157 | Time Scale Algorithm: Definition of Ensemble Time and Possible Uses of the Kalman Filter; P. Tavella and C. Thomas |

02-22-529 | GPS Composite Clock Software Performance; A. L. Satin, W. A. Feess. H. F. Fliegel, and C. H. Yinger |

02-23-035 | Evaluation of GPS/UTC Steering Performance; W. A. Feess, H. Holtz, A. L. Satin, and C. H. Yinger |

02-23-297 | Timescale Algorithms Combining Cesium Clocks and Hydrogen Masers; L. A. Breakiron (see errata in 25-409) |

02-23-307 | Frequency Stability of GPS Navstar Block I and Block II On-Orbit Clocks; T. B. McCaskill, W. G. Reid, J. A. Buisson, and H. E. Warren |

02-24-059 | Clock Performance and Its Measures: Stability and Accuracy; L. Cutler (moderator) |

02-24-277 | Measurement Methods and Algorithms for Comparison of Local and Remote Clocks; J. Levine |

02-24-289 | Advances in Time-Scale Algorithms; S. R. Stein |

02-24-385 | Estimating the Instabilities of N Clocks by Means of Comparison Measurements; A. Premoli and P. Tavella |

02-24-399 | Time Scale Algorithms for an Inhomogeneous Group of Atomic Clocks; C. Jacques, J. S. Boulanger, R. J. Douglas, D. Morris, S. Cundy, and H. F. Lam |

02-24-413 | A Multi-variance Analysis in the Time Domain; T. Walter |

02-24-451 | Confidence on the Three-point Estimator of Frequency Drift; M. A. Weiss and C. Hackman |

02-24-461 | Corrections and Addenda: Large Sample Simulation of Flicker Noise; C. Greenhall and J. Barnes |

02-25-057 | Ensemble Management; S. Stein discussion |

02-25-217 | A Real-time Prediction of UTC; C. Thomas and D. W. Allan |

02-25-249 | Accuracy Metrics for Judging Time Scale Algorithms; R. J. Douglas, J. S. Boulanger, and C. Jacques |

02-25-379 | Noise and Drift Analysis of Non-equally Spaced Timing Data; F. Vernotte, G. Zalamansky, and E. Lantz |

02-25-389 | An Algorithm for the Italian Atomic Time Scale; F. Cordara, G. Vizio, P. Tavella, and V. Pettiti |

02-25-401 | A Comparative Study of Clock Rate and Drift Estimation; L. Breakiron |

02-25-523 | Russian National Time Scale Long-Term Stability; N. B. Koshelyaevsky, A. P. Al'shina, B. A. Gaigerov, and S. B. Pushkin |

02-26-063 | Fine Tuning GPS Clock Estimation in the MCS; Capt. S. T. Hutsell |

02-26-347 | Metafitting: Weight Optimization for Least-Squares Fitting of PTTI Data; R. J. Douglas and J. S. Boulanger |

02-26-361 | Methodologies for Steering Clocks; H. Chadsey |

02-26-369 | The Effects of Clock Errors on Timescale Stability; L. A. Breakiron |

02-27-063 | Ideas for Future GPS Timing Improvements; Capt. S. T. Hutsell |

02-27-087 | Role of the BIPM in UTC Dissemination to the Real Time User; T. J. Quinn and C. Thomas |

02-27-103 | UTC Dissemination to the Real-Time User; J. Levine |

02-27-193 | Upper Limits of Weights in TAI Computation; C. Thomas and J. Azoubib |

02-27-209 | Tutorial: Clock and Clock Systems Performance Measures; D. W. Allan |

02-27-235 | The Impact of the HP 5071A on International Atomic Time (Appendix A); D. W. Allan, A. Lepek, L. Cutler, R. Giffard, and J. Kusters |

02-27-269 | Kalman Filtering USNO's GPS Observations for Improved Time Transfer Predictions; Capt. S. T. Hutsell |

02-27-279 | Simulation Study Using a New Type of Sample Variance; D. A. Howe and K. J. Lainson |

02-27-291 | Relating the Hadamard Variance to MCS Kalman Filter Clock Estimation; Capt. S. T. Hutsell |

02-27-323 | Variance Analysis of Unevenly Spaced Time Series Data; C. Hackman and T. E. Parker |

02-27-387 | Limits to the Stability of Pulsar Time; G. Petit |

02-27-447 | Application of Millisecond Pulsar Timing to the Long-Term Stability of Clock Ensembles; R. S. Foster and D. N. Matsakis |

02-28-025 | Impact of International Decisions on TAI Generation; C. Thomas |

02-28-075 | Time and Frequency Activities at NIST; J. Levine and D. B. Sullivan |

02-29-007 | Proposals for Updating TAI Algorithm; C. Thomas and J. Azoubib |

02-29-019 | The Accuracy of TAI; C. Thomas |

02-29-029 | Relationships between Drift Coefficient Uncertainties and Noise Levels: Application to Time Error Prediction; F. Vernotte and M. Vincent |

02-29-039 | Total Variance: A Progress Report on a New Frequency Stability Characterization; D. A. Howe and C. A. Greenhall |

02-29-097 | Total Variance as an Exact Analysis of the Sample Variance; D. B. Percival and D. A. Howe |

02-29-117 | The 2 SOPS Ephemeris Enhancement Endeavor (EEE); Capt. J. D. Crum, S. T. Hutsell, and R. T. Smetek, Jr. |

02-29-131 | Refining Monitor Station Weighting in the GPS Composite Clock; Lt. H. S. Mobbs and S. T. Hutsell |

02-29-155 | Performance of the Kalman Filter of the Global Positioning Syste Operational Control Segment during January - March 1997; M. Weiss and A. Zarr |

02-30-019 | Postprocessed Timescales at the U.S. Naval Observatory; D. Matsakis and L. Breakiron |

02-30-035 | Statistical Problems in the Analysis of Unequally Spaced Data; P. Tavella and M. Leonardi |

02-30-049 | The Range Covered by a Clock Error in the Case of White FM; P. Tavella and D. Meo |

02-30-069 | Estimating Frequency Stability and Cross-Correlations; F. Torcaso, C. Ekstrom, E. Burt, and D. Matsakis |

02-30-083 | Automatic Frequency Calibration using Fuzzy Logic Controller; C. Chang, C. Liao, and K. Tu |

02-30-099 | A Bayesian Method for Oscillator Characterization; F. Vernotte and G. Zalamansky |

02-30-377 | New Ways to Visualize Time and Frequency Data; J. DeYoung |

02-30-413 | Effect of Clock Noise on the Synchronization Performance of Constant Bit Rate (CBR) Traffic in an ATM Network; T. Jayawardena and C. Olszewski |

02-31-065 | Long-Term Stability of a Rubidium Atomic Clock in Geosynchronous Orbit; J. Coffer and J. Camparo |

02-31-173 | Geo Uplink Subsystem (GUS) Clock Steering Algorithms Performance, Validation, and Test Results; M. Grewal, W. Brown, R. Lucy, and P. Hsu |

02-31-219 | Time and Frequency Activities at IEN; F. Cordara, G. Brida, A. Godone, F. Levi, L. Lorini, M. Mascarello, S. Micalizio, V. Pettiti, P. Tavella, and G. Vizio |

02-31-231 | Update on Time and Frequency Activities at NIST; T. Parker and D. Sullivan |

02-31-247 | Time and Frequency Activities at the National Physical Laboratory; J. Davis |

02-31-257 | Recent and Pending Improvements at the U.S. Naval Observatory; D. Matsakis |

02-31-267 | Generalization of the Total Variance Approach to the Modified Allan Variance; D. Howe and F. Vernotte |

02-31-277 | New Steering Strategies for the USNO Master Clock; P. Koppang and D. Matsakis |

02-31-285 | Estimating the Instabilities of N Correlated Clocks; F. Galindo and J. Palacio |

02-31-297 | Use of Primary Frequency Standards for Estimating the Duration of the Scale Unit of TAI; G. Petit |

02-31-305 | Estimation of Uncertainties in Time Error Estimation; F. Vernotte, J. Delporte, M. Brunet, and T. Tournier |

02-31-431 | GPS-Based Optimal Kalman Estimation of Time Error, Frequency Offset, and Aging; Y. Schmaliy, A. Marienko, and A. Savchuk |

02-31-491 | Analysis Noise, Short-Baseline Time Transfer, and a Long-Baseline GPS Carrier-Phase Frequency Scale; D. Matsakis, K. Senior, and L. Breakiron |

02-32-045 | Modelization and Extrapolation of Time Deviation of USO and Atomic Clocks in GNSS-2 Context; J. Delporte, F. Vernotte, M. Brunet, and T. Tournier |

02-32-117 | The Infusion of MCS Kalman Filter Data into GPS Block II/IIA Frequency Standard Analysis Techniques; G. Dieter, G. Hatten, and J. Taylor |

02-32-157 | GPS-Based Time Error Estimates Provided by Smoothing, Wiener, and Kalman Filters: A Comparative Study; Y. Schmailiy, A. Marienko, M. Torres-Cisneros, and O. Ibarra-Manzano |

02-32-181 | Time Links for the Construction of TAI; J. Azoubib and W. Lewandowski |

02-32-195 | A Revised Way of Fixing an Upper Limit to Clock Weights in TAI Computation; J. Azoubib |

02-32-255 | A Total Estimator of the Hadamard Function Used for GPS Operations; D. Howe, R. Beard, C. Greenhall, F. Vernotte, and W. Riley |

02-32-269 | Performance and Characterization of U.S. Naval Observatory Clocks; L. Breakiron and D. Matsakis |

02-32-289 | USNO Alternate Master Clock Steering; S. Hutsell and P. Koppang |

02-32-471 | Millisecond Pulsar Observation at CRL; Y. Hanado, Y. Shibuya, M. Hosokawa, M. Sekido, and M. Imae |

02-33-175 | Results of Radio Meteor Comparison of Scales of the Russian UTC (SU) and Ukrainian UTC (UA) Time Standards; V. Bavikina, Y. Koval, and A. Tkachuk |

02-33-183 | Research on Parameters of Time Scales Formed by Receivers of Signals of the Satellite Radionavigational System GPS; S. Trambovetskiy, J. Koval, V. Bavykina, and A. Tkachuk |

02-33-185 | Passive Meteoric Synchronization of Time Scales; I. Antipov, V. Bavykina, Y. Koval, and G. Nesterenko |

02-33-293 | Report on the Time and Frequency Activities of the Time Service Department of the U.S. Naval Observatory; D. Matsakis |

02-33-305 | Time Activities in Argentina; C. Mondinalli, J. Osorio, J. Amenna, C. Esperon, J. Soria and C. Kurtz |

02-33-399 | Effects of Parameter Estimation and Control Limits on Steered Frequency Standards; J. Skinner and P. Koppang |

02-33-425 | Degrees of Freedom and Three-cornered Hats; C. Ekstrom and P. Koppang |

02-33-431 | A Kalman Filter for Atomic Clocks and Timescales; L. Breakiron |

02-33-445 | Kalman Plus Weights: A Time Scale Algorithm; C. Greenhall |

02-34-029 | Analysis of One Year of Zero-baseline GPS Common-View Time Transfer and Direct Measurement Using Two Co-located Clocks; G. de Jong and E. Kroon |

02-34-053 | Combining Time Transfer Measurements Using a Kalman Filter; J. Davis, P. Stacey, P. Harris, and M. Cox |

02-34-077 | Global Positioning System Constellation Clock Performance; J. Oaks, M. Largay, W. Reid, and J. Buisson |

02-34-109 | Critical Evaluation of the Motorola M12+ GPS Timing Receiver vs. the Master Clock at the U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington, DC; R. Hambly and T. Clark |

02-34-127 | The Experimental Precise Timing Station (E-PTS) for the Galileo System Test Bed (Phase V1): Architectural Design and Experimental Goals; E. Detoma, S. Facioni, M. Gotta, G. Graglia, F. Cordara, L. Lorini, V. Pettiti, P. Tavella, and J. Hahn |

02-34-193 | Response of a Geosynchronous Spacecraft's Crystal Oscillator to Solar Flares: Results of a "Space Experiment"; J. Camparo, A. Presser, S. Lalumondiere, and S. Moss |

02-34-201 | Timekeeping and Time Dissemination in a Distributed Space-based Clock Ensemble; S. Francis, B. Ramsey, S. Stein, J. Leitner, M. Moreau, R. Burns, R. Nelson, T. Bartholomew, and A. Gifford |

02-34-279 | Distribution of Time Services Over Networks in a Multi- Network Environment; G. Shaton |

02-34-309 | Stability and Error Analysis for Absolutely Calibrated Geodetic GPS Receivers; J. Plumb, K. Larson, J. White, E. Powers, and R. Beard |

02-34-325 | Limitation of GPS Receiver Calibrations; G. Landis and J. White |

02-34-367 | Analysis of One Year of GPS and Two-Way Time Transfer Results between PTB, NPL, and VSL; G. de Jong and E. Kroon |

02-34-381 | Investigation of Instabilities in Two-Way Time Transfer; T. Parker, V. Zhang, A. McKinley, L. Nelson, J. Rhode, and D. Matsakis |

02-34-391 | Evaluation and Improvements of the Calibration of a TWSTFT Station Using SATSIM; G. de Jong and R. van Bemmelen |

02-34-413 | Uncertainties of Time Links Used for TAI; J. Azoubib and W. Lewandowski |

02-34-425 | Time and Frequency Activities at the National Physical Laboratory; J. Davis, P. Whibberley, R. Hlavac, P. Stacey, D. Henderson, K. Szymaniec, W. Chalupczak, and J. Laverty |

02-34-431 | Current Activities of the National Standard Time and Frequency Laboratory of the Telecommunication Laboratories, CHT Telecom Co., Ltd., Taiwan; C. Liao, P. Chang, and S. Chen |

02-34-437 | Time and Frequency Activities at the U.S. Naval Observatory; D. Matsakis |

02-34-457 | Recent Time and Frequency Activities at PTB; D. Piester, P. Hetzel, and A. Bauch |

02-34-467 | Recent Activities in the Field of Time and Frequency in Poland; J. Nawrocki |

02-34-473 | Fractional Difference Prewhitening in Atomic Clock Modeling; L. Schmidt, L. Breakiron, and C. Ekstrom |

02-34-481 | FFT-based Methods for Simulating Flicker FM; C. Greenhall |

02-34-493 | Estimation of Time-domain Frequency Stability Based on Phase Noise Measurement; P. Chang, H. Peng, and S. Lin |

02-34-501 | Hilbert Spectrum for Time-domain Measurement Data and Its Application; H. Peng and P. Chang |

02-34-511 | Kalman Filter Characterization of Cesium Clocks and Hydrogen Masers; L. Breakiron |

02-34-527 | An Optimal FIR Filtering Algorithm for a Time Error Model of a Precise Clock; Y. Shmaliy and O. Ibarra-Manzano |

02-35-103 | MCS Zero Age of Data Measurement Techniques; G. Dieter, G. Hatten, and J. Taylor |

02-35-135 | Uncertainty Estimation on GPS Time Transfer; M. Addouche, F. Meyer, and F. Vernotte |

02-35-157 | Real-time Time and Frequency Transfer Using GPS Carrier Phase Observations; C. Rieck, P. Jarlemark, K. Jaldehag, and J. Johansson |

02-35-173 | Global Positioning System Constellation Clock Performance; J. Oaks, K. Senior, M. Largay, W. Reid, H. Warren, and J. Buisson |

02-35-211 | Wavelet Analysis of Clock Noise; D. Percival |

02-35-221 | Application of the GSF-1 Algorithm to the Near-optimal Timescale Prediction of the Hydrogen Maser; L. Bernier |

02-35-249 | The Trade-off between Some State Space and FIR Algorithms in GPS-based Optimal Control of a Local Crystal Clock; Y. Shmaliy, R. Olivera-Reyna, O. Ibarra-Manzano, and R. Olivera-Reyna |

02-35-261 | Time Domain Frequency Stability Estimation Based on FFT Measurements; P. Chang, H. Peng, and S. Lin |

02-35-267 | Uncertainty of Stability Variances Based on Finite Differences; C. Greenhall and W. Riley |

02-35-281 | Kalman Filter Clock Algorithm for Use in the Presence of Flicker Frequency Modulation Noise; J. Davis, C. Greenhall, and P. Stacey |

02-35-297 | A Paper Clock Model for the Cesium Clock Ensemble of TL; S. Lin and H. Peng |

02-35-307 | New Realization of Terrestrial Time; G. Petit |

02-35-319 | Application of Control Theory in the Formation of a Timescale; P. Koppang, D. Johns, and J. Skinner |

02-35-327 | ITU-R Special Rapporteur Group on the Future of the UTC Time Scale; R. Beard |

02-36-105 | Experimental Galileo System Time (E-GST): One Year of Real-Time Experiment; F. Cordara, R. Costa, L. Lorini, D. Orgiazzi, V. Pettiti, I. Sesia, P. Tavella, P. Elia, M. Mascarello, M. Falcone, and J. Hahn |

02-36-179 | Time and Frequency Activities at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt; D. Piester, A. Bauch, J. Becker, and T. Polewka |

02-36-195 | Overview of Research Activities on Time and Frequency at the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology; M. Hosokawa, Y. Takahashi, S. Hama, H. Toriyama, and T. Morikawa |

02-36-207 | The Future Model of TA (TL); S. Lin, H. Peng, W. Tseng, H. Lin, and C. Liao |

02-36-215 | Time and Frequency Activities at the U.S. Naval Observatory; D. Matsakis |

02-36-229 | Improved Operations at the APL Time and Frequency Laboratory; R. Dragonette, M. Miranian, and M. Reinhart |

02-36-247 | First Evaluation and Experimental Results on the Determination of Uncertainties in [UTC - UTC (k)]; W. Lewandowski, D. Matsakis, G. Panfilo, and P. Tavella |

02-36-279 | Timing Aspects of GPS-Galileo Interoperability: Challenges and Solutions; A. Moudrak, A. Konovaltsev, J. Furthner, J. Hammesfahr, A. Bauch, P. Defraigne, and S. Bedrick |

02-36-293 | Design of the Precise Time Facility for Galileo; S. Bedrick, A. Bauch, A. Moudrak, and W. Schaefer |

02-36-319 | Panel Discussion on GNSS Interoperability; E. Detoma, R. Beard, H. Fruehauf, J. Hammesfahr, C. Hegarty, W. Klepczynski, N. Koshelyaevsky, W. Lewandowski, D. McCarthy, and T. Powell |

02-36-441 | Studies of the Unbiased FIR Filter for the Time Error Model in GPS-Based Timekeeping; Y. Shmaliy and O. Ibarra-Manzano |

02-36-465 | Estimating the Instability of a Composite Clock; C. Greenhall |

02-37-012 | NRL Analysis of GPS On-Orbit Clocks; J. Oaks, K. Senior, M. Largay, R. Beard, and J. Buisson |

02-37-033 | Implementation of the GPS to Galileo Time Offset (GGTO); J. Hahn and E. Powers |

02-37-207 | Autonomous Characterization of Clock Drift for Timescale Improvement at the JHU/APL Time and Frequency Laboratory; M. Miranian, G. Weaver, and M. Reinhart |

02-37-213 | METAS Time and Frequency Metrology Report; L. Bernier, G. Dudle, and C. Schlunegger |

02-37-217 | Time and Frequency Activities at the U.S. Naval Observatory; D. Matsakis |

02-37-225 | Update of Research Activities on Time and Frequency at the National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT); S. Hama, M. Hosokawa; Y. Takahashi, H. Toriyama, and T. Morikawa |

02-37-240 | An Improvement of the Controlling Algorithm for Taiwan's Time Scaling System; S. Lin and P. Chang |

02-37-244 | Estimation of the Duration of the Scale Unit of TAI with Primary Frequency Standards; E. Arias and G. Petit |

02-37-254 | The Establishment of a Brazilian Atomic Time Scale; R. de Carvalho |

02-37-377 | Optimal Estimation of Clock Values and Trends From Finite Data; C. Greenhall |

02-37-383 | Refining the Evaluation of Uncertainties in [UTC - UTC (k)]; W. Lewandowski, D. Matsakis, G. Panfilo, and P. Tavella |

02-37-392 | Tracking Nonstationarities in Clock Noises Using the Dynamic Allan Variance; L. Galleani and P. Tavella |

02-37-397 | Testing of the Methods of Real-Time MTIE Calculation; A. Dobrogowski and M. Kasznia; |

02-37-623 | CANVAS: Clock Analysis, Visualization and Archiving System - A New Software Package for the Efficient Management of Clock/Oscillator Data; K. Senior, R. Beard, and J. White |

02-37-668 | A Numerical Comparison of Unbiased FIR and Kalman Filters in Applications to GPS-Based Timekeeping; Y. Shmaliy, O. Ibarra-Manzano, and L. Arceo-Miquel |

02-37-685 | Study on GPS Common-View Observation Data with Multiscale Kalman Filter Based on Correlation Structure of the Discrete Wavelet Coefficients; X. Ou, W. Zhou, and J. Yu |

02-37-735 | German Timing Expertise to Support Galileo; J. Hammesfahr, A. Moudrak, and S. Bedrich |

02-38-025 | METAS New Time Scale Generation System - A Progress Report; L.-G. Bernier, G. Dudle, and C. Schlunegger |

02-38-137 | AF/NGA GPS Monitor Station High-Performance Cesium Frequency Standard Stability 2005/2006: From NGA Kalman Filter Clock Estimates; D. Manning |

02-38-185 | USNO Master Clock Design Enhancements; P. Koppang, J. Skinner, and D. Johns |

02-38-347 | Unbiased FIR Estimates vs. the Sawtooth-Corrected GPS-Based Measurement: Experimental Evaluation; Y. Shmaliy, L. Arceo-Miquel, J. Munoz-Diaz, and O. Ibarra-Manzano |

02-38-361 | An Ensemble of Ultra-Stable Quartz Oscillators to Improve Spacecraft Onboard Frequency Stability; M. Miranian, G. Weaver, and M. Reinhart |

02-38-373 | Analysis of Clock Modeling Techniques for USNO Cesium Mean; J. Skinner and P. Koppang |

02-38-379 | Steering UTC (AOS) and UTC (PL) by TA (PL); J. Nawrocki, Z. Rau, W. Lewandowski, M. Malkowski, M. Marszalec, and D. Nerkowski |

02-38-389 | Time Dilation and the Length of the Second; S. Deines, and C. Williams |

02-38-395 | Galileo System Time Physical Generation; X. Stehlin, Q. Wang, F. Jeanneret, P. Rochat, and E. Detoma |

02-38-439 | GPS Signal Integrity Dependencies on Atomic Clocks; M. Weiss, National Institute of Standards and Technology; P. Shome, and R. Beard |

02-39-119 | A Summary of the GPS Constellation Clock Performance; J. Oaks, J. Buisson, and M. Largay |

02-39-131 | A Systems-Level Analysis of the JHU/APL Time and Frequency Laboratory; M. Miranian, G. Weaver, R. Dragonette, and M. Reinhart |

02-39-371 | Composite Clocks with 3-State Models; J. Wright |

02-39-391 | Ensemble Time in GNSS--Performance Requirements and Algorithm Tests; M. Suess, A. Moudrak, and E. Frolova |

02-39-415 | Long-Baseline Comparisons of the Brazilian National Time Scale to UTC (NIST) Using Near Real-Time and Postprocessed Solutions; M. Lombardi and V. Zhang |

02-39-559 | How Extracting Information from Data Highpass Filters Its Additive Noise; V. Reinhardt |

02-39-581 | Modeling Phase-Locked Loops Using Verilog; J. Meyer |

02-40-205 | Steering a Time Scale; J. Levine |

02-40-219 | Estimating UTC - UTC (APL) at the JHU Applied Physics Laboratory; M. Miranian, G. Weaver, and M. Reinhart |

02-40.227 | A Prototype Cesium Clock Ensemble for the LORAN-C RadioNavigation System; A. Dahlen |

02-40-241 | Frequency Jump Detection and Analysis; W. Riley |

02-40-255 | The GPS Toolkit: Open Source Clock Tools; T. Craddock, R. Broderick, C. Petersen, and A. Hu |

02-40-275 | Separating the Variances of a Two-Component Clock Model by Sequential MINQUE; C. Greenhall |

02-40-287 | Using Sign Patterns to Distinguish Feared Clock Events; M. Suess and U. Grunert |

02-40-301 | Phase Noise Model for an Array of Combined Sources Using Direct Digital Synthesis (DDS); T. Comberiate, J. Van't Hof, L. Ruppalt, K. Lauritzen, and S. Talisa |

02-40-361 | Estimation and Prediction of the GIOVE Clocks; I. Hidalgo, R. Piriz, A. Mozo, G. Tobias, GMV, Spain; P. Tavella, I. Sesia, G. Cerretto, P. Waller, F. Gonzalez, and J. Hahn |

02-40-669 | Improvement of the Time Scale of NPLI; S. Sharma, P. Banerjee, and A. Chaterjee |

02-40-679 | Database for TA (PL) and UTC (PL); M. Marszalec, A. Czubla, and D. Nerkowski |

02-41-015 | EGNOS Network Time and Its Relationships to UTC and GPS Time; J. Delporte, N. Suard, D. Sidorov, and P. Uhrich |

02-41-121 | An Anomaly Clock Detection Algorithm for a Robust Clock Ensemble; Q. Wang and P. Rochat |

02-41-131 | Negative Power Law Noise, Reality vs. Myth; V. Reinhardt |

02-41-145 | Frequency and Phase Break Detection; S. Czopek |

02-41-155 | Prototype of the DLR Operational Composite Clock: Methods and Test Cases; M. Suess and J. Hammesfahr |

02-42-481 | Simulating Future GPS Clock Scenarios with Two Composite Clock Algorithms; M. Suess, D. Matsakis, and C. A. Greenhall |

02-42-503 | An Algorithm for the Detection of the Frequency Jumps in Space Clocks; L. Galleani and P. Tavella |

02-42-527 | Multiscale Clock Ensembling Using Wavelets; K. Senior and D. Percival |